Proctitis as the clinical presentation of lymphogranuloma venereum, a re-emerging disease in developed countries

López-Vicente, J.; Rodríguez-Alcalde, D.; Hernández-Villalba, L.; Moreno-Sánchez, D.; Lumbreras-Cabrera, M.; Barros-Aguado, C.; Galán, J.C.

Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas 106(1): 59-62


DOI: 10.4321/s1130-01082014000100011
Accession: 068501576

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Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a sexually transmitted infectious disease caused by serovars L1, L2 and L3 of Chlamydia trachomatis. The initial presentation is usually a painless ulcerated papule on the genitalia or distal proctitis. The progression of the infection can lead to major complications: rectal strictures, intestinal obstruction or perforation. We present five cases of LGV proctitis as the initial presentation of the disease. All patients were male, mean age 44.6 years, with positive serology to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and promiscuous men who have sex with men (MSM).The initial diagnosis was made by rectosigmoidoscopy indicated for pain and anal discharge. All cases were confirmed by polymerase chain reaction technique in rectal tissue. Endoscopic images obtained showed a great variety of rectal lesions, from mild erythema of the mucosa and ulcers to deep ulcers with elevated borders and purulent exudate. All cases were resolved after treatment with doxycycline for 3 weeks. It emphasizes the importance of suspecting this re-emerging disease in patients with risk factors (HIV and MSM), with the aim of early treatment and to avoid major complications.