A Clinical Investigation of Oro-Maxillary Sinus Perforation due to Tooth Extraction

Hirata, Y.; Kino, K.; Nagaoka, S.; Miyamoto, R.; Yoshimasu, H.; Amagasa, T.

The Journal Of The Stomatological Society,Japan 68(3): 249-253


DOI: 10.5357/koubyou.68.249
Accession: 068505675

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Oro-maxillary sinus perforation occurs occasionally at the extraction of a maxillary tooth, and it may be a cause of maxillary sinusitis or antro-oral fistula. Our purpose was to investigate the most frequent site of perforation, and to understand the clinical course of patients after perforation. We examined 2,038 maxillary teeth extracted from 1,337 patients (473 males and 864 females) at the First Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, from January 1991 to December 1993. Perforation occurred in 77 of all 2,038 teeth (3.8%). Of these, 38 teeth were from males (38/733; 5.2%), and 39 were from females (39/1,305; 3.0%). The perforation rate was significantly higher in males. Perforation occurred most often with extraction of an upper first molar, and in the third decade of life. The perforation rate gradually decreased with higher age. We classified 38 cases into 3 categories according to panorama X-P: 1) The tip of the root crossed over the bottom line of the maxillary sinus (29 cases), 2) Not crossed over distinctly (4 cases), 3) Just lie on, or whether the tip of the root crossed over the bottom line of the maxillary sinus was not distinct (5 cases). As to treatment, 30 perforations (39.0%) closed spontaneously in the course of observation, irrigation with physiological saline was used in 43 cases (55.8%), radical sinusotomy accompanied by closure of the perforation was performed in 4 cases, and only flap closure was used in 7 cases. There were no cases of relapse.