Gene mutations; up date

Nakagawa, M.

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 53(11): 903-906


ISSN/ISBN: 0009-918X
DOI: 10.5692/clinicalneurol.53.903
Accession: 068511331

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The advance of sequencing technology, the exome analysis using next-generation sequencing (NGS), of the human genome has dramatically accelerated biomedical research and about 2,900 causative gene tests are now available. The discoveries of the causative genes for hereditary neurodegenerative diseases accelerated the studies on the pathophysiologic mechanisms of diseases and therapeutic strategies. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have successfully revealed numerous susceptibility genes for "common diseases" and neurodegenerative diseases with low odds ratios associated with risk alleles. It is expected that the dramatic advance of genome analysis and regenerative medicine by ES and iPS research bring a paradigm shift in clinical practice. The nationwide discussion for biomedical ethics in this personal genome era is absolutely needed.