Prevention and treatment of major bleeding during anticoagulation

Yasaka, M.; Okada, Y.

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 53(11): 997-999

2013


ISSN/ISBN: 0009-918X
DOI: 10.5692/clinicalneurol.53.997
Accession: 068511357

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Abstract
To prevent major hemorrhage during anticoagulation, it is quite important to manage controllable risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking habit, and too much alcohol intake. It is also important to avoid dual antithrombotic therapy as long as possible, which increases severe bleeding events. For patients with major bleeding during anticoagulation, we should stop oral medication, stop bleeding by mechanical compression or surgical interventions, and maintain circulation blood volume and blood pressure by appropriate intravenous drip infusion. When intracranial hemorrhage happens, adequate treatment to suppress blood pressure should be provided. Administration of prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) and vitamin K is effective for urgent reversal of anticoagulation by warfarin. The PCC may be also useful for that by novel oral anticoagulants.