Biosynthesis of bicyclomycin. I. Appearance of aerial mycelia negative strains (am-)

Miyoshi, T.; Iseki, M.; Konomi, T.; Imanaka, H.

The Journal of Antibiotics 33(5): 480-487


DOI: 10.7164/antibiotics.33.480
Accession: 068515878

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The degeneration of bicyclomycin-producing strains of Streptomyces sapporonensis resulted in sharply depressed bicyclomycin formation in a large scale fermentation. Degenerated strains, whose productivities were only 1/30 to 1/100 of normal strains, could not form aerial mycelia on glucose-BENNETT's agar; they were aerial mycelia negative strains (am-). Repeated transfers of culture, treatment of mycelia with acriflavin, mechanical agitation shock on mycelia or higher growth conditions stimulated the degeneration of producing strains, suggesting the involvement of extrachromosomal elements or plasmids in biosynthesis of bicyclomycin. Shake flask fermentation inoculated with a mixture of a normal high-producing strain and a degenerated low-producing strain resulted in sharply depressed bicyclomycin formation in proportion to the increase of low-producing strain added. It appears that the low-producing strain outgrew the high-producing strain.