Colour vision in squint amblyopia

Marré, M.; Marré, E.

Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 210(2): 121-133


ISSN/ISBN: 0721-832X
PMID: 312035
DOI: 10.1007/bf00409998
Accession: 068525987

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Colour vision in squint amblyopia depends on the fixation modus. In eyes with foveolar or unsteady foveolar from fixation the 3 primary colour vision mechanisms (CVMs) gave normal foveolar CVM patterns. The absolute spectral retinal sensitivity was somewhat, but not significantly lowered. The spectral sensitivity for hue discrimination was either normal, or slightly reduced in the short wavelength side, or slightly reduced over the whole visible spectrum. The spectral sensitivity for saturation discrimination showed normal curves. -- In amblyopic eyes with parafoveal to perifoveal fixation mode the absolute spectral retinal sensitivity is lowered for about 0.45--0.60 log units in comparison to an approximately corresponding excentric retinal area in a normal eye. In eyes with parafoveolar to perifoveal fixation mode measurements of CVMs and of hue discrimination gave better results than could be expected with regard to the position of the fixating area as determined by visuscope. The values correspond to those obtained in retinal areas at least as close to the foveola as the amblyopic fixation point, but usually of an even more central position. The sensitivity for saturation discrimination showed no significant disturbance.