Kinetics of early insulin response by the isolated and perfused rat pancreas. Suggestion for two different actions of glucose on the insulin releasing process

Vague, P.; Ramahandridona, G.; Di Campo, C.; Mahmoud, F.

Hormone and Metabolic Research 9(6): 453-456


ISSN/ISBN: 0018-5043
PMID: 338456
DOI: 10.1055/s-0028-1093499
Accession: 068526575

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The permissive action of glucose (or glyceraldelhyde) is necessary to the glucagon induced insulin release. By collecting every 15 seconds the venous effluent of the perfused and isolated rat pancreas it was observed that the insulin response to glucagon (2 microgram/ml) was immediate if the pancreas was preperfused with low concentration of glucose (5 mM) or glyceraldelhyde (2,5 mM). On the other hand glucagon alone elicited no response, and the insulin discharge occurred 60 to 90 seconds after the addition of glucose (5 mM) or glyceraldelhyde (2,5 mM) this time being probably allowed to the metabolism of the sugar. The pancreatic response to 15 mM glucose occurred also 60 to 90 seconds after the stimulus. On the other hand when the medium contained a low concentration of glucose (or glyceraldelhyde) increasing the glucose concentration by 10 mM provoked an immediate insulin release. This suggests that glucose has two actions differing by their lag phase. One, "permissive", apparent after some delay, mimicked by glyceraldelhyde, necessary for glucagon induced insulin release, is mediated probably by the metabolic products of the sugar. The second, "triggering", initiates instantaneously the insulin release but appears dependent on the first action.