Catecholamine-induced changes in plasma glucose, glucagon and insulin in rabbits: effects of somatostatin

Potter, D.E.; Barnett, J.W.; Woodson, L.C.

Hormone and Metabolic Research 10(5): 373-377

1978


ISSN/ISBN: 0018-5043
PMID: 361531
DOI: 10.1055/s-0028-1093394
Accession: 068527011

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Abstract
The present study was conducted to determine if glucagon release is involved in the hyperglycemic response to epinephrine and isoproterenol in the fasted and fed, unanesthetized rabbit. Epinephrine produced dose-related increases in plasma glucose and glucagon levels in fed and fasted rabbits whereas isoprotereol produced modest hyperglycemia without hyperglucagonemia. Infusion of somatostatin suppressed epinephrine-induced glucagon release and this was correlated with a 50% reduction in the hyperglycemic response. These data suggest that epinephrine-induced glucagon release is the primary reason for the difference in hyperglycemic activity between epinephrine and isoproterenol in the unanesthetized rabbit.