Section 69
Chapter 68,557

Probes for narcotic receptor mediated phenomena. 17. Synthesis and evaluation of a series of trans-3,4-dichloro-N-methyl-N-[2- (1-pyrrolidinyl) cyclohexyl]benzeneacet amide (U50,488) related isothiocyanate derivatives as opioid receptor affinity ligands

De Costa, B.R.; Rothman, R.B.; Bykov, V.; Band, L.; Pert, A.; Jacobson, A.E.; Rice, K.C.

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 33(4): 1171-1176


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-2623
PMID: 2157008
DOI: 10.1021/jm00166a014
Accession: 068556685

A series of U50,488 related isothiocyanates was synthesized from enantiomerically pure (S,S)-(+)-trans-2-pyrrolidinyl-N-methylcyclohexylamine [(+)-7] and (R,R)-(-)-trans-2-pyrrolidinyl-N-methylcyclohexylamine [(-)-7]. DCC coupling of (+)- and (-)-7 with nitrophenylacetic acids followed by catalytic hydrogenation and treatment with thiophosgene afforded a series of six isomeric aryl isothiocyanate analogues of U50,488. Similarly, DCC coupling of (+)- and (-)-7 with (+)- and (-)-N-t-Boc-protected phenylglycines afforded four isomeric alkyl isothiocyanates. Evaluation of the isothiocyanates for their capacity to produce wash-resistant inhibition of mu, delta, and kappa sites in vitro was performed using rat and guinea pig brain membranes. None of the compounds was able to irreversibly inhibit binding of [3H]bremazocine to guinea pig and rat brain membranes (depleted of functional mu and delta receptors by pretreatment with acylating agents BIT and FIT). However, (1S,2S)-trans-2-isothiocyanato-N-methyl-N-[2- (1-pyrrolidinyl)cyclohexyl]benzeneacetamide [(-)-1] was able to specifically and irreversibly inhibit kappa receptors labeled by [3H]-U69,593: Incubation of rat brain membranes for 60 min at 25 degrees C with 1 microM of (-)-1 resulted in a wash-resistant reduction of the binding to 11.2 +/- 2.5% of the control. Binding analysis revealed the wash-resistant reduction in [3H]-U69,593 binding by (-)-1 to be through an increase in the Kd without effect on the Bmax. (-)-1 failed to effect mu or delta binding in rat or guinea pig brain under the same conditions. The enantiomer of (-)-1, (1R,2R)-trans-2-isothiocyanato-N-methyl-N-[2- (1-pyrrolidinyl)cyclohexyl]benzeneacetamide [(+)-1], failed to affect kappa receptors labeled by [3H]-U69,593 under the same conditions as for (-)-1. (1S,2S)-trans-3-Isothiocyanato-N-methyl-N-[2- (1-pyrrolidinyl)cyclohexyl]benzeneacetamide [(-)-2] inhibited to 49.6 +/- 5.1% of the control, in a wash-resistant manner, kappa receptors labeled by [3H]-U69,593. However, (-)-2 was not as selective as (-)-1 since it also reduced [3H]DADLE (delta) binding to 82.4 +/- 8.0% of the control value. (1S,2S)-trans-4-Isothiocyanato-N-methyl-N-[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)- cyclohexyl]benzeneacetamide [(-)-3] exhibited selective wash-resistant inhibition of delta receptors labeled by [3H]DADLE resulting in a reduction in binding to 42.9 +/- 4.2% of control.

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