Interlaboratory evaluation of indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, antibody capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and immunoblotting for detection of immunoglobulin M antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii
Herbrink, P.; van Loon, A.M.; Rotmans, J.P.; van Knapen, F.; van Dijk, W.C.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology 25(1): 100-105
One hundred and fifteen serum samples from healthy laboratory personnel and 50 consecutive samples from 19 patients with anamnestic clinical signs of toxoplasmosis were assayed by four laboratories for the presence of immunoglobulin M antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii by an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), an antibody capture assay with peroxidase-labeled toxoplasma antigen, and an immunoblotting assay. In addition, a commercially available antibody capture ELISA was used. Highly significant correlation coefficients were obtained between the four laboratories and the commercial test. The indirect ELISA and antibody capture ELISA showed equal sensitivity in detection of immunoglobulin M antibodies to toxoplasma in early-stage serum samples. However, in this study, the antibody capture assay discriminated better between serum samples obtained at early or late stages of toxoplasma infection.