Reaginic and homocytotropic IgG antibody response of Mastomys natalensis in experimental infections of filarial parasites (Litomosoides carinii, Dipetalonema viteae, Brugia malayi, B. pahangi)
Zahner, H.; Soulsby, E.J.; Weidner, E.; Sänger, I.; Lämmler, G.
Parasitology Research 73(3): 271-280
Reaginic and homocytotropic IgG antibodies in sera using passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) test and antigen from Litomosoides carinii were followed in Mastomys natalensis, infected with L. carinii, Dipetalonema viteae, Brugia malayi or B. pahangi. Groups of animals with infections of various ages so as to cover a total infection period of up to 300 to 420 days post-infection (p.i.), depending on the species of parasites, were bled at 1- to 3-week intervals over periods of 50-112 days. In addition, intradermal tests were performed on animals infected with L. carinii to detect immediate type hypersensitivity. Reaginic antibodies were usually first detected in the 3rd week after infection. Thereafter, a marked increase of PCA titres was observed in the 4th week p.i. leading to maximum titres 4 weeks after infection with D. viteae and B. pahangi and 6 weeks after B. malayi infection. Mean maximum titres were between 1:40 and 1:160. Following the peak response, titres decreased markedly until the beginning of patency in infections with D. viteae, B. malayi and B. pahangi whereas a constant course was observed at this time in animals infected with L. carinii. A further rise in PCA titres occurred in all infections around the beginning of patency, resulting in maximum reagin levels in L. carinii infections (mean titre 1:80) and moderate titres in the other infections. During early patency there was an inverse relationship between microfilaraemia density and levels of reaginic antibodies. However, in the phase of decreasing parasitaemia in L. carinii infected animals, microfilariae counts and PCA titres were directly correlated. Homocytotropic IgG antibodies showed relatively constant PCA titres of about 1:20 in L. carinii infected Mastomys throughout the observation period. In D. viteae infections they were demonstrated at 30 days p.i., reaching titres of about 1:40. B. malayi infected animals showed a maximum titre of 1:40 40 days p.i.. Thereafter, titres decreased continuously and homocytotropic IgG antibodies were absent at 110 days p.i.. High titres were observed at day 150 but thereafter sera were negative. B. pahangi infected animals showed moderate titres (1:5) 35 days p.i.. Thereafter, antibodies were found at low titres until 115 days p.i.. Intradermal reactions in L. carinii infected animals generally increased in size from 30-60 but decreased when microfilariae appeared in the blood.