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Serial recall versus recall by categories in short-term memory



Serial recall versus recall by categories in short-term memory



Canadian Journal of Psychology 36(1): 83-93



Penney (1980) reported that serial recall of a list containing both auditorily and visually presented verbal items produced a lower level of recall than did separate recall of auditory and visual items. This finding was interpreted as support for the hypothesis that auditory and visual items are processed in separate streams in short-term memory and that it is difficult to integrate these 2 streams into 1 sequence for rehearsal. An alternate interpretation of the earlier results, the hypothesis that retention of order information is facilitated by the subject's being able to organize the list into 2 short sequences rather than 1 long sequence was tested. Three experiments were carried out in which spatial location or category of stimulus material (letters or digits) was used to establish 2 types of items. In all 3 experiments, the total recall from a list did not differ significantly between the serial recall and category recall conditions. These results rule out the organizational interpretation of the bisensory experiemnt and provide indirect support for the separate streams hypothesis.

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Accession: 068651553

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 7104870

DOI: 10.1037/h0081216


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