Simultaneous analysis of 11 haloacetic acids by direct injection-liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry and high resolution mass spectrometry: occurrence and evolution in chlorine-treated water
Planas, C.; Palacios, Ós.; Ventura, F.; Boleda, M.ª R.; Martín, J.; Caixach, J.
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 411(17): 3905-3917
A fast, simple, selective, and sensitive method for the analysis of 11 haloacetic acids (HAAs) in chlorine-treated water has been developed. The method is based on liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-QqQ-MS/MS) with direct injection of the aqueous sample. The main novelty of this method over the previously published procedures based on different techniques of mass spectrometry with direct injection is the combination of the simultaneous analysis of three types of HAAs (chlorinated, brominated, and iodinated) with its simplicity and low LODs (0.01-0.6 μg/L), avoiding the use of ion-pairing reagents for LC as well as the complexity and high cost of other techniques such as ion chromatography and capillary electrophoresis coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (IC-MS/MS and CE-MS/MS). The developed method was compared with another procedure carried out in our laboratory based on direct injection-liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-high-resolution mass spectrometry with an Orbitrap analyzer (LC/ESI-Orbitrap-HRMS). The application of this technique to HAA analysis had not been previously described. LODs achieved by LC-HRMS (0.01-2 μg/L) were higher than the ones obtained by LC-MS/MS. Therefore, the LC/ESI-QqQ-MS/MS method was applied to the analysis of real samples. Quality parameters were calculated with satisfactory results and real samples related to three drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs), tap water, and the drinking water distribution system of Barcelona area (Catalonia, NE Spain) were analyzed. Furthermore, the evolution of HAA concentration along time in a DWTP-treated water sample was studied.