Section 70
Chapter 69,150

Performance and Profitability of Fungicides for Managing Soybean White Mold: A 10-Year Summary of Cooperative Trials

Barro, J.P.; Meyer, Mício.C.; Godoy, Cúdia.V.; Dias, A.R.; Utiamada, C.M.; Jaccoud Filho, D.de.S.; Wruck, Dândula.S.M.; Borges, E.P.; Siqueri, F.; Juliatti, F.C.; Campos, Hércules.D.; Junior, Jé.N.; Carneiro, L.C.; da Silva, L.H.C.P.; Martins, Mônica.C.; Balardin, R.S.; Zito, R.K.; Furlan, Sânia.H.; Venancio, W.S.; Del Ponte, E.M.

Plant Disease 103(9): 2212-2220


ISSN/ISBN: 0191-2917
PMID: 31306094
DOI: 10.1094/pdis-10-18-1760-re
Accession: 069149156

Download citation:  

White mold, caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, is a yield-limiting disease of soybean in Brazil. Uniform fungicide trials have been conducted annually since 2009. Data from 74 cooperative field trials conducted over a 10-year period were assembled. We selected five fungicides applied two times around flowering: dimoxystrobin plus boscalid (DIMO+BOSC), carbendazim plus procymidone (CARB+PROC), fluazinam (FLUZ), fluopyram (FLUO), and procymidone (PROC). For comparison, thiophanate-methyl (TMET) applied four times was also included as a low-cost treatment. Network models were fitted to the log of white mold incidence (percentages) and log of sclerotia mass data (grams/hectare) and to the nontransformed yield data (kilograms/hectare) for each treatment, including the untreated check. Back-transformation of the meta-analytic estimates indicated that the lowest and highest mean (95% confidence interval [CI]) percent reductions in incidence and sclerotia mass were 54.2 (49.3 to 58.7) and 51.6% (43.7 to 58.3) for TMET and 83.8 (79.1 to 87.5) and 87% (81.9 to 91.6) for CARB+PROC, respectively. The overall mean (95% CI) yield responses ranged from 323 kg/ha (247.4 to 400.3) for TMET to 626 kg/ha (521.7 to 731.7) for DIMO+BOSC, but the variance was significantly reduced by a binary variable (30% threshold) describing disease incidence in the untreated check. On average, an increment of 352 kg/ha was estimated for trials where the incidence was >30% compared with the low-disease scenario. Hence, the probability of breaking even on fungicide costs for the high-disease scenario was >65% for the more effective, but more expensive fungicide (FLUZ) than TMET. For the low-disease scenario, profitability was less likely and depended more on variations in fungicide cost and soybean price.

PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90