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Validation of the Sinhala Version of the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised for the Detection of Dementia in Sri Lanka: Comparison with the Mini-Mental Status Examination and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment


Validation of the Sinhala Version of the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised for the Detection of Dementia in Sri Lanka: Comparison with the Mini-Mental Status Examination and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment



Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders 47(4-6): 198-208



ISSN/ISBN: 1420-8008

PMID: 31311022

DOI: 10.1159/000497743

Sri Lanka is a rapidly aging country, where dementia prevalence will increase significantly in the future. Thus, inexpensive and sensitive cognitive screening tools are crucial. To assess the reliability, validity, and diagnostic accuracy of the Sinhalese version of the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised (ACE-R s). The ACE-R was translated into Sinhala with cultural and linguistic adaptations and administered, together with the Sinhala version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), to 99 patients with dementia and 93 gender-matched controls. The ACE-R s cutoff score for dementia was 80 (sensitivity 91.9%, specificity 76.3%). The areas under the curve for the ACE-R s, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and MoCA were 0.90, 0.86, and 0.86, respectively. The -ACE-R s had good interrater reliability (intraclass correlation = 0.94), test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation = 0.99), and internal consistency (Cronbach's α = 0.8442). The ACE-R s is sensitive, specific and reliable to detect dementia in persons aged ≥50 years in a Sinhala-speaking population and its diagnostic accuracy is superior to previously validated tools (MMSE and MoCA).

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Accession: 069153534

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