Description of a pharmacist-led diabetes prevention service within an employer-based wellness program
Gamston, C.E.; Kirby, A.N.; Hansen, R.A.; Redden, D.T.; Whitley, H.P.; Hanson, C.; Lloyd, K.B.
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association Japha 59(5): 736-741
To describe a pharmacist-led diabetes prevention service piloted within an employer-based wellness program. A pharmacist-led ambulatory care clinic within a school of pharmacy that provides wellness services to university employees. Implementation of a diabetes prevention service using opportunistic A1C screening within a biometric screening program. Patients with a prediabetes-level A1C from July 2016 to March 2019 were invited to participate in the National Diabetes Prevention Program (NDPP). Comparison of baseline characteristics of participants with normal and elevated A1C. Evaluation of participation in the NDPP and changes in clinical values at the subsequent biometric screening appointment for individuals with a prediabetes-level AlC. A1C testing of 740 individuals identified 69 participants (9.3%) with a prediabetes-level A1C and 7 (1.0%) with a diabetes-level A1C. Compared with those with a normal A1C (< 5.7%), participants with an elevated A1C were more likely to be older, nonwhite, obese, and physically inactive, to have a sibling with diabetes, higher random blood sugar (RBS), lower high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and more likely to have hypertension. Twelve patients participated in the NDPP, although most attended only 1 session. Attenders had a significantly lower baseline weight and body mass index (BMI). There were no significant differences in the changes in A1C, BMI, weight, RBS, or HDL between attenders and nonattenders approximately 1 year later. This pilot demonstrated that opportunistic A1C testing could be incorporated into an ambulatory care clinic within a pharmacist-led employer-based wellness program. Uptake and retention of the NDPP were poor. Barriers to NDPP participation need to be investigated and addressed to improve service impact.