Section 70
Chapter 69,191

The effects of vitamins and selenium mixture or ranitidine against small intestinal injury induced by indomethacin in adult rats

Turkyilmaz, I.B.; Arda Pirincci, P.; Bolkent, S.; Yanardag, R.

Journal of Food Biochemistry 43(4): E12808


ISSN/ISBN: 1745-4514
PMID: 31353593
DOI: 10.1111/jfbc.12808
Accession: 069190724

This study was aimed at investigating morphological and biochemical efficacies of antioxidants on indomethacin-induced small intestinal damage in rats. Group I: control animals (negative control) given only placebo, Group II: (positive control) are animals orally given combination of antioxidants [vitamin C (Vit C), vitamin E (Vit E), β-carotene and sodium selenite (Se)] daily for 3 days, Group III: Rats were given only indomethacin, Group IV: animals were given of antioxidants combination for 3 days, last dose was given 2 hr before the administration of indomethacin. Group V: Animals receiving ranitidine for 3 days (second positive control). Group VI: Animals received ranitidine for 3 days, last dose was given 2 hr before to indomethacin administration. Indomethacin caused degenerative morphological and biochemical changes, which were reversed on antioxidants administration. As a result, we propose that antioxidants combination would be therapeutically beneficial for treating indomethacin-induced lesions of small intestine. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Indomethacin is a widely preferred nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) but its side effects on gastrointestinal system are well known. Indomethacin also causes production of reactive oxygen species. Antioxidants and selenium has protective effects. According to the results of this study, antioxidants and selenium can be used as a food supplement for preventing NSAID-induced side effects and toxicity.

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