Comparison and Characterization of Mutations Induced by Gamma-Ray and Carbon-Ion Irradiation in Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Using Whole-Genome Resequencing
Li, F.; Shimizu, A.; Nishio, T.; Tsutsumi, N.; Kato, H.
G3 9(11): 3743-3751
ISSN/ISBN: 2160-1836 PMID: 31519747 DOI: 10.1534/g3.119.400555
Gamma-rays are the most widely used mutagenic radiation in plant mutation breeding, but detailed characteristics of mutated DNA sequences have not been clarified sufficiently. In contrast, newly introduced physical mutagens, e.g., heavy-ion beams, have attracted geneticists' and breeders' interest and many studies on their mutation efficiency and mutated DNA characteristics have been conducted. In this study, we characterized mutations induced by gamma rays and carbon(C)-ion beams in rice (Oryza sativa L.) mutant lines at M5 generation using whole-genome resequencing. On average, 57.0 single base substitutions (SBS), 17.7 deletions, and 5.9 insertions were detected in each gamma-ray-irradiated mutant, whereas 43.7 single SBS, 13.6 deletions, and 5.3 insertions were detected in each C-ion-irradiated mutant. The structural variation (SV) analysis detected 2.0 SVs (including large deletions or insertions, inversions, duplications, and reciprocal translocations) on average in each C-ion-irradiated mutant, while 0.6 SVs were detected on average in each gamma-ray-irradiated mutant. Furthermore, complex SVs presumably having at least two double-strand breaks (DSBs) were detected only in C-ion-irradiated mutants. In summary, gamma-ray irradiation tended to induce larger numbers of small mutations than C-ion irradiation, whereas complex SVs were considered to be the specific characteristics of the mutations induced by C-ion irradiation, which may be due to their different radiation properties. These results could contribute to the application of radiation mutagenesis to plant mutation breeding.