Pattern and correlates of public support for public health interventions to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages
Bélanger-Gravel, A.; Desroches, S.; Janezic, I.; Paquette, M.-C.; De Wals, P.
Public Health Nutrition 22(17): 3270-3280
ISSN/ISBN: 1475-2727 PMID: 31544722 DOI: 10.1017/s1368980019002076
To examine the pattern and correlates of public support for twelve public health interventions aimed at reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption. Cross-sectional population-based survey. Respondents were recruited using a random digit dialling procedure (landline telephone) and a random selection of telephone numbers (mobile telephone). Sampling quotas were applied for age, and the sample was stratified according to administrative regions. The province of Québec, Canada. One thousand adults aged between 18 and 64 years and able to answer the survey questionnaire in French or English. Support was observed for a number of public health interventions, but the more intrusive approaches were less supported. Support for taxation as well as for sale and access restriction was positively associated with the perceived relevance of the government intervention, perceived effectiveness, and perceived associations between SSB consumption and chronic diseases. Believing that SSB consumption is a personal choice and daily consumption were generally negatively associated with strong support and positively associated with strong opposition. Sparse associations between sociodemographic and socio-economic characteristics were observed, with the exception of sex and age: women were generally more likely to support the examined public health strategies, while younger respondents were less likely to express support. Increasing perceived effectiveness and government responsibility for addressing the issue of SSB consumption could lead to increased support for SSB interventions. Increasing the belief that SSB consumption could be associated with chronic diseases would increase support, but SSB consumers and younger individuals are expected to be resistant.