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Effect of vaccination of pregnant beef heifers on the concentrations of serum IgG and specific antibodies to bovine herpesvirus 1, bovine viral diarrhea virus 1, and bovine viral diarrhea virus 2 in heifers and calves


Effect of vaccination of pregnant beef heifers on the concentrations of serum IgG and specific antibodies to bovine herpesvirus 1, bovine viral diarrhea virus 1, and bovine viral diarrhea virus 2 in heifers and calves



Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research 83(4): 313-316



ISSN/ISBN: 0830-9000

PMID: 31571732

L’objectif de la présente étude était d’évaluer les effets, sur des taures d’embouche, de la vaccination en fin de gestation avec deux doses d’un vaccin contenant les virus tués suivants herpesvirus bovin-1 (BHV-1), virus de la diarrhée virale bovine 1 (BVDV-1), et le virus de la diarrhée virale bovine 2 (BVDV-2) sur les concentrations sériques d’anticorps contre BHV-1, BVDV-1, et BVDV-2 chez des taures et leurs veaux ainsi que sur la concentration d’IgG chez les veaux. Parmi les 47 taures d’embouche gestantes sélectionnées, 26 reçurent deux doses du vaccin à 6,5 et 8 mo de gestation (à la vérification de la gestation), et 21 reçurent deux doses de saline. Les titres sériques moyens log2 d’anticorps neutralisants contre BHV-1, BVDV-1, et BVDV-2 avant la vaccination ne différaient pas de manière significative entre les deux groupes de traitement; toutefois, au moment du vêlage les trois titres moyens étaient significativement plus élevés (P < 0,05) chez les taures vaccinées que chez les taures témoins. Vingt-quatre heures après la naissance, les quantités moyennes d’IgG sériques chez les veaux ne différaient pas significativement entre les deux groupes, à 30,18 et 32,28 g/L, respectivement (P < 0,05); toutefois, les titres sériques moyens log2 d’anticorps contre les trois virus étaient plus grands chez les veaux nourris avec du colostrum des taures vaccinées que chez les veaux se nourrissant de colostrum des taures non-vaccinées et de manière significative pour BHV-1 et BVDV-1 (P < 0,001 et P = 0,009), respectivement. Ainsi, la vaccination en fin de gestation chez des taures d’embouche pourrait résulter en une plus grande et constante déposition d’anticorps spécifiques dans le colostrum, réduisant la variabilité dans les titres initiaux chez les veaux et en prolongeant la durée de l’immunité maternelle.(Traduit par Docteur Serge Messier).

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Accession: 069383059

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