Antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of the natural alkaline water (Zamzam) in breast cancer cell line MCF-7

Al Zahrani, S.M.; Omar, U.M.; Rahimulddin, S.A.; Al-Ghafari, A.B.; Aldahlawi, A.M.; Al Doghaither, H.A.

Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics 15(5): 1098-1104

2019


ISSN/ISBN: 1998-4138
PMID: 31603117
Accession: 069410392

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Abstract
Zamzam water (ZW) is a natural alkaline water that contains several minerals that may represent a powerful tool for cancer therapy. In this research, in vitro antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of ZW were investigated in the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7. This study was conducted between January 2015 and February 2016. The effects of ZW on the morphology and the cell viability of human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 were determined. The cell death type and cell cycle changes were investigated using flow cytometry. Finally, reactive oxygen species (ROS) were also measured by fluorometric technique. MCF-7 cells treated with either ZW with adjusted pH at 7.2 or unadjusted pH at 8 showed reduced cell viability of cancerous cells. The cell death occurred through the apoptosis pathway under both treatment conditions. The treated MCF-7 cells were arrested in the G2/M phase and decreased in the G1 phase. Only the unadjusted pH ZW sample demonstrated an increase in the production of both cytoplasmic and mitochondrial ROS in MCF-7 cells. All the results in the present study indicated, for the first time, that ZW might have anticancer and apoptotic effects on breast cancer cell line.