EurekaMag
+ Translate
+ Most Popular
Gaucher's disease;thirty-two years experience at Siriraj Hospital
A study of Macrobathra Meyrick from China (Lepidoptera, Cosmopterigidae)
First occurrence in ores of tetragonal chalcocite
Effects of trace element nutrition on sleep patterns in adult women
N.Z. range management guidelines. 2. Design of grazing management systems for tussock country
A case of lipoma of the esophagus
A revision of world Acanthosomatidae (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae): keys to and descriptions of subfamilies, tribes and genera, with designation of types
Life history of the coronate scyphozoan Linuche unguiculata (Swartz, 1788)
Perceptual restoration of obliterated sounds
Mutagenicity studies on two chromium(III) coordination compounds
The formation of the skeleton. I. Growth of a long bone. 1st appearance of a center of calcification
Leucopenia and abnormal liver function in travellers on malaria chemoprophylaxis
The joint commission: four key root causes loom large in sentinel event data
Treatment of vitiligo with topical 15% lactic acid solution in combination with ultra violet-A
Behaviour of dairy cows within three hours after feed supply: I. Influence of housing type and time elapsing after feed supply
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Management and control of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Lebanon: results from the International Diabetes Management Practices Study (IDMPS)
The diet composition and nutritional knowledge of patients with anorexia nervosa
Physoporella croatica Herak, 1958 of the Slovak karst Anisian (Slovakia, the West Carpathians Mts.)
Bright lights, big noise. How effective are vehicle warning systems?
Ein Plesiosaurier-Rest mit Magensteinen aus mittlerem Lias von Quedlinburg
Incidence of Chlamydia trachomatis in patients with sterility
Monster soup: the microscope and Victorian fantasy
Preliminary tests with residual sprays against poultry lice
Duration of the life of plants in phylogeny

Chemical composition and ecotoxicity of plastic and car tire rubber leachates to aquatic organisms


Chemical composition and ecotoxicity of plastic and car tire rubber leachates to aquatic organisms



Water Research 169: 115270



ISSN/ISBN: 0043-1354

PMID: 31731243

DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2019.115270

Synthetic polymer-based materials are ubiquitous in aquatic environments, where weathering processes lead to their progressive fragmentation and the leaching of additive chemicals. The current study assessed the chemical content of freshwater and marine leachates produced from car tire rubber (CTR), polypropylene (PP), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polystyrene (PS) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) microplastics, and their adverse effects on the microalgae Raphidocelis subcapitata (freshwater) and Skeletonema costatum (marine) and the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis. A combination of non-target and target chemical analysis revealed a number of organic and metal compounds in the leachates, including representing plasticizers, antioxidants, antimicrobials, lubricants, and vulcanizers. CTR and PVC materials and their corresponding leachates had the highest content of tentatively identified organic additives, while PET had the lowest. The metal content varied both between polymer leachates and between freshwater and seawater. Notable additives identified in high concentrations were benzothiazole (CTR), phthalide (PVC), acetophenone (PP), cobalt (CTR, PET), zinc (CTR, PVC), lead (PP) and antimony (PET). All leachates, except PET, inhibited algal growth with EC50 values ranging from 0.5% (CTR) and 64% (PP) of the total leachate concentration. Leachates also affected mussel endpoints, including the lysosomal membrane stability and early stages endpoints as gamete fertilization, embryonic development and larvae motility and survival. Embryonic development was the most sensitive parameter in mussels, with EC50 values ranging from 0.8% (CTR) to 65% (PET) of the total leachate. The lowest impacts were induced on D-shell larvae survival, reflecting their ability to down-regulate motility and filtration in the presence of chemical stressors. This study provides evidence of the relationship between chemical composition and toxicity of plastic/rubber leachates. Consistent with increasing contamination by organic and inorganic additives, the leachates ranged from slightly to highly toxic to mussels and algae, highlighting the need for a better understanding of the overall impact of plastic-associated chemicals on aquatic ecosystems.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 069521458

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Rubber tire leachates in the aquatic environment. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 151: 67-115, 1997

Ecotoxicity effects triggered in aquatic organisms by invasive Acer negundo and native Alnus glutinosa leaf leachates obtained in the process of aerobic decomposition. Science of the Total Environment 496: 35-44, 2014

Phthalate ester leachates in aquatic mesocosms: implications for ecotoxicity studies of endocrine disrupting compounds. Chemosphere 103: 44-50, 2014

Highly reduced ecotoxicity of ZnO-based micro/nanostructures on aquatic biota: Influence of architecture, chemical composition, fixation, and photocatalytic efficiency. Water Research 169: 115210, 2020

Ecotoxicity of chlorpyrifos to aquatic organisms: A review. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 200: 110731, 2020

Assessment of leachates from reactive fire-retardant coatings by chemical analysis and ecotoxicity testing. Chemosphere 226: 85-93, 2019

Ecotoxicity of selected nano-materials to aquatic organisms. Environmental Toxicology 23(5): 591-598, 2008

Ecotoxicity of phenol and cresols to aquatic organisms: A review. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 157: 441-456, 2018

Ecotoxicity of phenol and cresols to aquatic organisms: A review. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 157: 441-456, 2018

The ecotoxicity of chlorate to aquatic organisms: a critical review. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 32(3): 244-253, 1995

Cocombustion of Pulverized Coal with Waste Plastic and Tire Rubber Powders. Energy and Fuels 25(1): 108-118, 2011

Review of ecotoxicity and mechanism of engineered nanoparticles to aquatic organisms. Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue 31(6): 1409-1418, 2010

Ecotoxicity of selected antibiotics for organisms of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Neuro Endocrinology Letters 37(Suppl1): 38-44, 2016

Ecotoxicity of a novel biopesticide from Artemisia absinthium on non-target aquatic organisms. Chemosphere 216: 131-146, 2019

Toxicity of tailing leachates from a niobium mine toward three aquatic organisms. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 176: 355-363, 2019