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GABA synthesis mediated by γ-aminobutanal dehydrogenase in Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 with disrupted glutamate and α-ketoglutarate decarboxylase genes

GABA synthesis mediated by γ-aminobutanal dehydrogenase in Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 with disrupted glutamate and α-ketoglutarate decarboxylase genes

Plant Science 290: 110287

A pathway for polyamine-derived GABA synthesis in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 was explored by disrupting both the glutamate decarboxylase and α-ketoglutarate decarboxylase genes. The generated Δgad:Δkgd strain had increased intracellular α-ketoglutarate and polyamine levels compared to the wild type. Gene transcript analysis using RT-PCR indicated that the Δgad:Δkgd strain had up-regulated expression of a putative gadbh whose gene product, γ-aminobutanal dehydrogenase, would catalyze the conversion of γ-aminobutanal to GABA. A strain with disrupted gabdh showed an increase in GABA, glutamate, succinate and spermidine levels. These findings provide evidence for a link between spermidine degradation and GABA synthesis in cyanobacteria. This study highlights the role of γ-aminobutanal dehydrogenase in maintaining an intact tricarboxylic acid cycle in Synechocystis.

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Accession: 069564283

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PMID: 31779897

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