Effects of Vehicle Emissions on Heavy Metals and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Pollution in Road Dust in Xinxiang

Li, Q.-L.; Wu, J.-T.; Zhang, Y.; Sun, Y.-J.; Qiao, H.-Q.; Zhang, Z.-Y.; Pei, M.-Y.; Zhang, M.-Q.; Ren, M.-H.

Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue 40(12): 5258-5264

2019


ISSN/ISBN: 0250-3301
PMID: 31854596
Accession: 069636923

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Abstract
In this study, samples were taken of the surface dust of main roads in Xinxiang City, and the concentrations of five heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Cr, Cu and Zn) and fifteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), respectively. Meanwhile, the effects of vehicle emissions on the pollution characteristics were investigated. The results showed that the concentrations of heavy metals and PAHs ranged from 2.58 to 1560 mg·kg-1 and ND to 1.30 mg·kg-1, respectively. Overall, the concentrations of heavy metals and PAHs increased with a decrease in dust particle size. In terms of composition, the heavy metals were dominated by Zn while the high-molecular-weight PAHs were mainly homologous. In spatial distribution, the concentrations of heavy metals and PAHs were different. The total concentrations of heavy metals in road dust near Renmin Road, Xiaodian Industrial Park, and Cement Plant were the highest, while the high concentrations of PAHs appeared in the dust of Renmin Road, Upper Expressway, and 107 National Highway. Pearson correlation analysis showed that there was no positive correlation between the five heavy metals and fifteen PAHs. Then cluster analysis and factor analysis indicated that the PAHs were greatly affected by vehicle emissions, while the heavy metals were basically unaffected.