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Solid state nuclear magnetic resonance studies of hydroxypropylmethylcellulose acetyl succinate polymer, a useful carrier in pharmaceutical solid dispersions


Solid state nuclear magnetic resonance studies of hydroxypropylmethylcellulose acetyl succinate polymer, a useful carrier in pharmaceutical solid dispersions



Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry: Mrc 58(11): 1036-1048



ISSN/ISBN: 0749-1581

PMID: 31880823

DOI: 10.1002/mrc.4984

Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) acetyl succinate (HPMC-AS) is a key polymer used for the enablement of amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs) in oral solid dosage forms. Choice of the appropriate grade within the material is often made empirically by the manufacturer of small-scale formulations, followed by extensive real time stability. A key factor in understanding and predicting the performance of an ASD is related to the presence of hydrogen (or other) bonds between the polymer and active pharmaceutical ingredient (API), which will increase stability over the parameters captured by miscibility and predicted by the Gordon-Taylor equation. Solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is particularly well equipped to probe spatial proximities, for example, between polymer and API; however, in the case of HPMC-AS, these interactions have been sometimes difficult to identity as the carbon-13 NMR spectra assignment is yet to be firmly established. Using feedstock, selectively substituted HPMC polymers, and NMR editing experiments, we propose here a comprehensive understanding of the chemical structure of HPMC-AS and a definitive spectral assignment of the 13 C NMR spectra of this polymer. The NMR data also capture the molar ratios of the acetate and succinate moieties present in HPMC-AS of various grades without the need for post treatment required by chromatography methods commonly use in pharmacopoeia. This knowledge will allow the prediction and measurement of interactions between polymers and APIs and therefore a rational choice of polymer grade to enhance the solid state stability of ASDs.

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