Section 70
Chapter 69,676

Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of the CLC superfamily genes in tea plants (Camellia sinensis)

Xing, A.; Ma, Y.; Wu, Z.; Nong, S.; Zhu, J.; Sun, H.; Tao, J.; Wen, B.; Zhu, X.; Fang, W.; Li, X.; Wang, Y.

Functional and Integrative Genomics 20(4): 497-508


ISSN/ISBN: 1438-7948
PMID: 31897824
DOI: 10.1007/s10142-019-00725-9
Accession: 069675257

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The voltage-gated chloride channel (CLC) superfamily is one of the most important anion channels that is widely distributed in bacteria and plants. CLC is involved in transporting various anions such as chloride (Cl-) and fluoride (F-) in and out of cells. Although Camellia sinensis is a hyper-accumulated F plant, there is no studies on the CLC gene superfamily in the tea plant. Here, 8 CLC genes were identified from C. sinensis and they were named CsCLC1-8. The structure of CsCLC genes and the proteins were not conserved; the number of exons varied from 3 to 24, and the number of transmembrane domains contained 2 to 10. Furthermore, phylogenetic analysis revealed that CsCLC4-8 in subclass I contained the typical conserved domains GxGIPE (I), GKxGPxxH (II) and PxxGxLF (III), and CsCLC1-3 in subclass II did not contain any of the three conserved residues. We measured the expression levels of CsCLCs in roots, stems and leaves to assess the responses to different concentrations of Cl- and F-. The result indicated that CsCLCs participated in subfunctionalization in response to Cl- and F-, and CsCLC1-3 was more sensitive to F- treatments than CsCLC4-8, CsCLC6 and CsCLC7 may participate in absorption and long-distance transport of Cl-.

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