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SSU rDNA Phylogeny Indicates the Scale-lacking Trivalvulariida ord. nov. as a Sister Group to the Euglyphida (Cercozoa, Rhizaria)

SSU rDNA Phylogeny Indicates the Scale-lacking Trivalvulariida ord. nov. as a Sister Group to the Euglyphida (Cercozoa, Rhizaria)

Protist 171(1): 125701

ISSN/ISBN: 1434-4610

PMID: 31955058

DOI: 10.1016/j.protis.2019.125701

The testate amoeba Leptogromia operculata was described by Valkanov in 1970 from marine waters. We re-discovered this species in brackish water along the North Sea in the Netherlands. Based on detailed comparison of morphology and SSU rDNA phylogeny we conclude that this species represents a sister clade to the Euglyphida (Imbricatea, Cercozoa). We further describe a similar species Trivalvularis immunda gen. nov., sp. nov. from freshwater in France and the Netherlands on basis of morphological data. Trivalvularis and Leptogromia share a unique oral apparatus with three valves that can close the aperture of the shell. Due to this unique morphological character and the phylogenetic analysis of L. operculata we place both species in a new family Trivalvulariidae in the new order Trivalvulariida.

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Accession: 069726117

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