Piperine fast disintegrating tablets comprising sustained-release matrix pellets with enhanced bioavailability: formulation, in vitro and in vivo evaluation
Zhu, Y.; Yu, J.; Zhou, G.; Gu, Z.; Adu-Frimpong, M.; Deng, W.; Yu, J.; Xu, X.
Pharmaceutical Development and Technology 25(5): 617-624
Piperine (Pip) has been widely studied for its multiple activities such as antidepressant, anti-epileptic, and so forth. However, the poor water solubility coupled with low bioavailability may inevitably hinder the application of Pip in the clinical setting. In this study, a formulation strategy was proposed to spontaneously resolve the low bioavailability and dose dividing issue of Pip. The matrix pellets (Pip-SR-pellets) consisting of Pip solid dispersion (Pip-SD) and hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose-K100 were developed to achieve an increased and sustained release profile in vitro. The Pip-SR-pellets were compacted into fast disintegrating tablets (FDTs) with a blend of excipients comprising lactose, MCC, LS-HPC, and CMS-Na. The Pip-SD was characterized by solubility study and XRD. The evaluation of the cross-sectional morphology of the Pip-FDTs via scanning electron microscope proved that Pip-SR-pellets maintained its structural integrity during compression and were uniformly distributed in the Pip-FDTs. The release profile of Pip-SR-pellets was highly consistent with the Pip-FDTs. In vivo pharmacokinetics study demonstrated that the relative bioavailability of Pip-SR-pellets was approximately 2.70-fold higher than that of the pure drug, and 1.62-fold compared with that of Pip-SD. This work therefore showed a potential industrialized method could be applied to formulate poorly water-soluble drug that has dose-dividing requirement.