Alcohol Consumption and Bipolar Disorder in a Colombian Population Sample

Castillo M, A.; Rincon V, M.C.; Serna H, V.; Bersh, S.

Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatria 49(1): 44-52

2020


ISSN/ISBN: 2530-3120
PMID: 32081208
DOI: 10.1016/j.rcp.2018.03.003
Accession: 069834940

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Abstract
Bipolar disorder (BD) is reported to be the mental disorder with the highest rate of comorbidity with substance use disorders (SUD). More than half of patients with BD have been found to have disorders associated with alcohol use. A secondary analysis was performed in a population sample of Colombian adults. The aim was to identify bipolar-alcohol comorbidity and factors related to the use of alcohol in people with BD. The diagnosis of BD among participants was made with the "Composite International Diagnostic Interview" (CIDI-CAPI) and the pattern of alcohol consumption in the last year was evaluated with the AUDIT C screening tool. It was found that all patients with BD had some type of problematic alcohol consumption pattern. Women with BD were at greater risk of having a dependence-type pattern, using nicotine and marijuana and, among those living in urban areas, had higher rates of suicidal ideation, although that risk was lower if they were in a stable relationship. Some of the related factors we identified are new with respect to previous publications and others have already been described in similar studies. Given the importance of such factors in the management of this population and their prognosis, these findings highlight the need to determine consumption patterns of alcohol and other substances in patients with BD.