Effect of aeration rates on enzymatic activity and bacterial community succession during cattle manure composting

Ge, M.; Zhou, H.; Shen, Y.; Meng, H.; Li, R.; Zhou, J.; Cheng, H.; Zhang, X.; Ding, J.; Wang, J.; Wang, J.

Bioresource Technology 304: 122928


ISSN/ISBN: 1873-2976
PMID: 32106020
DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2020.122928
Accession: 069856483

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In order to explore changes in microbial enzyme activity and bacterial community, a 60-day composting experiment was conducted using cattle manure and straw under aeration rates of 0.45, 0.68, and 0.90 L min-1 kg-1 fresh weight. High aeration rate increased the cellulase, urease, alkaline and acid phosphatase activities, but decreased that of invertase and catalase. Cellulase, alkaline phosphatase and catalase were the main enzymes that affected the composting process. Microbial analysis showed that high aeration rate increased the uniformity of bacterial community in thermophilic phase, but decreased that in mature phase. Different aeration rate affected the bacterial community structure and further influenced the relationship between enzyme and functional bacteria. Regulating the temperature, moisture content and EC in specific phases to affect bacterial community succession could provide guidance for improving maturity of composting.