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Structure and Bioactive Properties of Novel Textile Dyes Synthesised by Fungal Laccase

Structure and Bioactive Properties of Novel Textile Dyes Synthesised by Fungal Laccase

International journal of molecular sciences 21(6)

ISSN/ISBN: 1422-0067

PMID: 32192097

DOI: 10.3390/ijms21062052

Novel sustainable processes involving oxidative enzymatic catalysts are considered as an alternative for classical organic chemistry. The unique physicochemical and bioactive properties of novel bio-products can be obtained using fungal laccase as catalyst. Among them are textile biodyes synthesised during oxidation of substrates belonging to the amine and methoxy organic derivatives. The process of synthesis occurs in mild conditions of pH, temperature, and pressure, and without using harmful oxidants. The effect of fungal laccase activity on the substrates mixture transformation efficiency was analysed in terms of antimicrobial dye synthesis on a large scale. Three new phenazine dyes, obtained in the presence of laccase from Cerrena unicolor, were studied for their structure and properties. The phenazine core structure of the products was a result of tri-molecular transformation of aminomethoxybenzoic acid and aminonaphthalene sulfonic acid isomers. One of the compounds from the synthesised dye, namely 10-((2-carboxy-6-methoxyphenyl)amino)-11-methoxybenzo[a]phenazine-8-carboxylic acid, was able to inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus. The high concentration of substrates (5 g/L) was efficiently transformed during 72 h in the mild conditions of pH 4 with the use of laccase with an activity of 200 U per g of the substrates mixture. The new bioactive dye exhibited excellent dyeing properties with concomitant antibacterial and antioxidative activity. The proposed enzyme-mediated synthesis represents an alternative eco-friendly route for the synthesis of novel antimicrobial compounds with high importance for the medical textile industry.

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Accession: 069932799

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