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Genotyping of Campylobacter jejuni Isolates from Poultry by Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)


Genotyping of Campylobacter jejuni Isolates from Poultry by Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)



Current microbiology 77(8): 1647-1652



ISSN/ISBN: 0343-8651

PMID: 32279188

DOI: 10.1007/s00284-020-01965-w

Campylobacter jejuni is the leading bacterial foodborne pathogen that causes human acute gastrointestinal illness worldwide. Due to its genetic diversity, fastidious growth and sophisticated biochemical requirements, classification of Campylobacter by traditional techniques is problematic. Several molecular typing methods have been explored in this bacterium. One such method is to use clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR). These CRISPRs consist of a direct repeat interspaced with nonrepetitive spacer sequences. In this study, we applied this genotyping method to explore the genetic diversity of C. jejuni isolated from poultry sources. Ninety-nine C. jejuni isolates from poultry environments in four different US states were used. Genomic DNA of the isolates were extracted from cultures using a commercial kit. PCR primers and conditions for CRISPR type 1 amplification were described previously. The amplicons were purified and sequenced by the Sanger dideoxy sequencing method. The direct repeats (DR) and spacers of the CRISPR sequences were identified using the CRISPRFinder. The results show there were 21% isolates no detectable, 30% isolates questionable, and 49% isolates confirmed CRISPR, respectively. The lengths of CRISPR range from 100 to 695 nucleotides. One type of DR was found in CRISPR of these isolates. The number of spacers in CRISPR ranges from 1 to 10 with various sequences. A total of 55 distinctive spacer sequences were identified in 78 isolates. Among them, 33 sequences were found unique in this study. In addition, the CRISPR genotyping had higher the Simpson's index of diversity value than that from flaA nucleotide typing. The results of our study show the CRISPR genotyping on C. jejuni may be complementary to the other genotyping methods.

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Accession: 070010122

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