Efficacy of continuous positive airway pressure on subcutaneous adipose tissue in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Liu, Y.; Li, C.; Wu, C.; Li, P.; Su, Y.; Chen, Q.

Sleep and Breathing 2020

2020


ISSN/ISBN: 1520-9512
PMID: 32333260
DOI: 10.1007/s11325-020-02078-1
Accession: 070057459

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Abstract
It remains inconclusive whether continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy can significantly reduce subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aimed to evaluate the impact of CPAP treatment on SAT in patients with OSA. We searched Pubmed, Cochrane, Web of Science, and Embase for RCTs, which investigated the effectiveness of CPAP treatment in reducing SAT among patients with OSA. Following the PRISMA guidelines, we extracted information on the study and patient characteristics, and pre- and post-CPAP measures of SAT. We then calculated the overall effects using the standardized mean difference (SMD) with a 95% confidence interval (CI). A total of 5 RCTs (comprising 153 patients) met inclusion criteria for the meta-analysis. We found that the SAT did not change before and after CPAP treatment in patients with OSA (SMD = - 0.02, 95% CI - 0.25 to 0.2, z = 0.19, p = 0.85). Subgroup analyses indicated that the outcome was not affected by age, CPAP therapy duration, baseline body mass index, and measure utilized. This meta-analysis of RCTs suggests that CPAP therapy does not significantly decrease the level of SAT among patients with OSA. Further large-scale, and high-quality randomized controlled trials are needed to better address this issue.