Effect of Nonwoven Fabrics Weight on the Growth, Quality and Yield of Oriental Melon (Cucumis melo L. var. makuwa Mak.)
SEUB, S.H.I.N. Y.O.N.G.; Kim, J.; Kim, B.-S.; μ°μΌκΆ; λ°μλ
Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory 14(2): 89-94
ISSN/ISBN: 2288-0992 Accession: 070453392
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of nonwoven fabrics weight(Ounce) on growth, quality and yield of oriental melon (Cucumis melo L. var. makwa Mak.). Seedling of Gumssaragi-Eunchun was grafted on Shinthozoa root stock. In this study, The minimum air temperature in 6 ounce at night was 4.8oC, 6.9oC in 9 ounce, 7.9oC in 12 ounce and 8.0oC in 15 ounce, respectively. Leaf length, stem diameter, leaf numbers, leaf area, fresh weight and dry weight for 30days after planting were better in high minimum air temperature at night than in low minimum air temperature, particularly leaf areas of the plant in 9 ounce was 370cm2 at 30days after planting, 116% in 12 ounce, 129% in 15 ounce. The xylem exudates amount in 9 ounce for 24hours just after basal stem abscission was 10.1mg. It was 1.2 times much in 12 ounce and 1.9 times much in 15 ounce than in 9 ounce at 30days after planting. The blooming of female was faster by 6 days in 15 and 12 ounce but was delayed by 3 days in 6 ounce than 9 ounce, and the days of blooming to harvesting were shorter by 3days in 15 ounce and 4days in 12 ounce but was delayed by 3days in 6 ounce than in 9 ounce. Fruit weight, fruit length, fruit diameter, flesh thickness, soluble solids, and total yield was the highest in 15 ounce followed by 12 ounce, 9 ounce and 6 ounce. Fermented fruit rate was the highest in 6 ounce followed by 9 ounce, 12 ounce and 15 ounce, and marketable fruit rates were 15, 12, 9 and 6 ounce in order. Compared to 1,781kg yield per 10a of 9 ounce, 19% and 49% was increased under 12 ounce and 15 ounce but 47% were decreased 6 ounce.