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Comparative Analysis of Immunosuppressive Metabolites Synthesized by an Entomopathogenic Bacterium, Photorhabdus temperata ssp. temperata, to Select Economic Bacterial Culture Media


Comparative Analysis of Immunosuppressive Metabolites Synthesized by an Entomopathogenic Bacterium, Photorhabdus temperata ssp. temperata, to Select Economic Bacterial Culture Media



Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 49(4): 409-416



ISSN/ISBN: 1225-0171

An entomopathogenic bacterium, Photorhabdus temperata ssp. temperata (Ptt), suppresses insect immune responses and facilitates its symbiotic nematode development in target insects. The immunosuppressive activity of Ptt enhances pathogenicity of various microbial pesticides including Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). This study was performed to select a cheap and efficient bacterial culture medium for large scale culturing of the bacteria. Relatively cheap industrial bacterial culture media (MY and M2) were compared to two research media, Luria-Bertani (LB) and tryptic soy broth (TSB). In all tested media, a constant initial population of Ptt multiplied and reached a stationary phase at 48 h. However, more bacterial colony densities were detected in LB and TSB at the stationary phase compared to two industrial media. All bacterial culture broth gave significant synergism to Bt pathogenicity against third instars of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella. Production of bacterial metabolites extracted by either hexane or ethyl acetate did not show any significant difference in total mass among four culture media. Reverse phase HPLC separated the four bacterial metabolites, which were not much different in quantities among four bacterial culture broths. This study suggests that two industrial bacterial culture media can be used to economically culture Ptt in a large scale.

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Accession: 070455814

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