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Development of A Three-Variable Canopy Photosynthetic Rate Model of Romaine Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) Grown in Plant Factory Modules Using Light Intensity, Temperature, and Growth Stage

Development of A Three-Variable Canopy Photosynthetic Rate Model of Romaine Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) Grown in Plant Factory Modules Using Light Intensity, Temperature, and Growth Stage

Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory 26(4): 268-275

ISSN/ISBN: 2288-0992

The photosynthetic rates of crops depend on growth environment factors, such as light intensity and temperature, and their photosynthetic efficiencies vary with growth stage. The objective of this study was to compare two different models expressing canopy photosynthetic rates of romaine lettuce (Lactuca sativa L., cv. Asia Heuk romaine) using three variables of light intensity, temperature, and growth stage. The canopy photosynthetic rates of the plants were measured 4, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days after transplanting at closed acrylic chambers (1.0 × 0.8 × 0.5 m) using light-emitting diodes, in which indoor temperature and light intensity were designed to change from 19 to 28? and 50 to 500 μmol·m-2·s-1, respectively. At an initial CO2 concentration of 2,000 μmol·mol-1, the canopy photosynthetic rate began to be calculated with CO2 decrement over time. A simple multiplication model expressed by simply multiplying three single-variable models and a modified rectangular hyperbola model were compared. The modified rectangular hyperbola model additionally included photochemical efficiency, carboxylation conductance, and dark respiration which vary with temperature and growth stage. In validation, R2 value was 0.849 in the simple multiplication model, while it increased to 0.861 in the modified rectangular hyperbola model. It was found that the modified rectangular hyperbola model was more suitable than the simple multiplication model in expressing the canopy photosynthetic rates affected by environmental factors (light Intensity and temperature) and growth factor (growth stage) in plant factory modules.

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Accession: 070466698

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