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Application of the Morphophysiological Method of Indicators in Identification of Adaptation Changes of Martes Zibellina L. (On the Example of some Territories of Kuznetsk Alatau, the Western Sayan and East Mountains)

Application of the Morphophysiological Method of Indicators in Identification of Adaptation Changes of Martes Zibellina L. (On the Example of some Territories of Kuznetsk Alatau, the Western Sayan and East Mountains)

the Bulletin of KrasGAU 2016(1): 9-15

ISSN/ISBN: 1819-4036

In this article the results of studies characterizing the relative difference between the territorial effects of factors of habitat on sable are discussed. The differences incardiological, hepatosomatic indexes, and indexes of kidney and spleen are found. The goal of this work was to identify adaptive changes of sable when exposed to environmental factors. The study was based on the results of the studies conducted in the period from 2012 to 2013 In the research the carcass sable with some areas of three mining areas was used: the Western Sayan mountains, highlands Kuznetsk Alatau and East Sayan. Adaptive changes of the sable to the effects of environmental factors were identified. Differences in the relative weight of internal organs between the males and females of sable as in the same area, and in comparison with other areas of study were detected. The indexes of internal organs in females are slightly more than indices of internal organs of males. Significant differences of the indices of the internal organs of animals were noticed on the territory of the Eastern Sayan. So, there was a slight increase in morphophysiological indices of liver and kidney in individuals who live in a particular area relative to this index in individuals produced in the territory of the Western Sayan mountains, and sable, produced in the Eastern Sayan, a slight decrease of spleen index compared to the same indicator that identified in individuals that live in areas of the Western Sayan and Kuznetsk Alatau. The index of the kidneys in sable, living on the territory of the Western Sayan was significantly lower than index of kidney sable Kuznetsk Alatau and East Sayan.

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Accession: 070499481

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