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Investigation of the composition and stability of the essential oils of Origanum vulgare ssp vulgare L. and O-vulgare ssp hirtum (Link) letswaart


Investigation of the composition and stability of the essential oils of Origanum vulgare ssp vulgare L. and O-vulgare ssp hirtum (Link) letswaart



Chromatographia 57(1-2): 95-98



ISSN/ISBN: 0009-5893

DOI: 10.1007/bf02497483

The essential oils of Origanum vulgare L, ssp. hirtum (Link) letswaart and Origanum vulgare L ssp. vulgare (Farr, Lamiaceae), cultivated in Hungary, have been studied by GC and GC-MS and the qualitative and quantitative chemical composition of the essential oils in the two species have been compared. O.vulgare ssp, hirtum oil was found to contain carvacrol (76.4%), gamma-terpinene (6,698), thymol (0.23%), and p-cymene (4.7%) as the main constituents whereas the major compounds in O.vulgore ssp. vulgare oil were p-cymene (22.3%), caryophyllene oxide (10.2%), sabinene (7.9%), gamma-terpinene (5.1%), thymol (0.34%), and spathulenol (4.8%). The stability of content and composition of the oils during the flowering period (economically beneficial period) were observed. The effect of long-term storage on the composition of the oil was also investigated for both the crude and distilled oil of Origonum vulgare ssp. vulgare.

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Accession: 070555977

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