EurekaMag
+ Most Popular
Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations in China
Mammalian lairs in paleo ecological studies and palynology
Studies on technological possibilities in utilization of anhydrous milk fat for production of recombined butter-like products
Should right-sided fibroelastomas be operated upon?
Large esophageal lipoma
Apoptosis in the mammalian thymus during normal histogenesis and under various in vitro and in vivo experimental conditions
Poissons characoides nouveaux ou non signales de l'Ilha do Bananal, Bresil
Desensitizing efficacy of Colgate Sensitive Maximum Strength and Fresh Mint Sensodyne dentifrices
Administration of fluid by subcutaneous infusion: revival of a forgotten method
Tundra mosquito control - an impossible dream?
Schizophrenia for primary care providers: how to contribute to the care of a vulnerable patient population
Geochemical pattern analysis; method of describing the Southeastern limestone regional aquifer system
Incidence of low birth weights in a hospital of Mexico City
Tabanidae
Graded management intensity of grassland systems for enhancing floristic diversity
Microbiology and biochemistry of cheese and fermented milk
The ember tetra: a new pygmy characid tetra from the Rio das Mortes, Brazil, Hyphessobrycon amandae sp. n. (Pisces, Characoidei)
Risk factors of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients after coronary artery intervention
Renovation of onsite domestic wastewater in a poorly drained soil
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Systolic blood pressure in a population of infants in the first year of life: the Brompton study
Haematological studies in rats fed with metanil yellow
Studies on pasteurellosis. I. A new species of Pasteurella encountered in chronic fowl cholera
Dormancy breaking and germination of Acacia salicina Lindl. seeds
therapy of lupus nephritis. a two-year prospective study

The influence of floods and herbivory on cottonwood establishment and growth in Yellowstone National Park


The influence of floods and herbivory on cottonwood establishment and growth in Yellowstone National Park



Ecohydrology 10(1): e1768



ISSN/ISBN: 1936-0584

DOI: 10.1002/eco.1768

Herbivory by ungulates can shape the structure and function of riparian forests. However, our understanding of the interactions between herbivores and cottonwoods (Populus spp.) is largely derived from studies of domestic livestock grazing and may not reflect free ranging herds of wild ungulates. In this study, we quantified the influence of stream hydrologic regime and herbivory by wild ungulates on cottonwood establishment and growth along three rivers in Yellowstone National Park's northern range. Approximately 1.36 of the existing 1.37 million cottonwoods representing approximately 66% of the cottonwood stand area in Yellowstone's northern range was established between 1995 and 2008 by the largest flood sequence in recorded history. Coincidentally, the flood sequence began in the years immediately following wolf (Canis lupus) reintroduction to Yellowstone National Park. The flows caused large-scale channel changes and provided suitable habitat for cottonwood seedling establishment and survival. Over 92% of the cottonwoods occurred along the Lamar River, and recruitment along this river appears to follow infrequent large peak flows. Soda Butte Creek and the Gardner River cottonwoods exhibited nearly annual recruitment. The resulting cottonwood biomass from the flooding events has exceeded herbivore demand. Even at relatively low consumption rates, bison are able to remove a significant proportion of total cottonwood production in the study areas limiting plant height and forage available to wintering elk. We conclude that the large cottonwood recruitment event that began in the late 1990s was due to a rare series of large snowmelt-driven floods.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 070797710

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

An increase in herbivory of cottonwood in Yellowstone National Park. Northwest Science 71(2): 127-136, 1997

Effects of bison on willow and cottonwood in northern Yellowstone National Park. Forest Ecology and Management 264(none): 0-158, 2012

Establishment, persistence, and growth of aspen (Populus tremuloides) seedlings in Yellowstone National Park. Ecology 86(2): 404-418, 2005

Wolf reintroduction, predation risk, and cottonwood recovery in Yellowstone National Park. Forest Ecology and Management 3: 299-313, 2003

Hydrologic regime and herbivory stabilize an alternative state in Yellowstone National Park. Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America 17(6): 1572-1587, 2007

Willow persistence in Yellowstone National Park Interacting effects of hydrology and herbivory. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 88: 33, 2003

Comparative effects of elk herbivory and 1988 fires on northern Yellowstone National Park grasslands. Ecological Applications 6(1): 185-199, 1996

The influence of floods, ice and grazing on riparian cottonwood establishment along the Missouri River, Montana, USA. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 78(4 Suppl): 182, 1997

Mesozoic fossils of the Yellowstone National Park. Being chap. xiii of part 2 of Geology of the Yellowstone National Park.. Mon U S Geol Survey, xxxii(part 2: 600-640, 1899

Does herbivory by native ungulates increase measures of plant fitness and production ecology in northern Yellowstone National Park?. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 77(3 Suppl Part 2): 111, 1996

Interactions among herbivory, climate, topography and plant age shape riparian willow dynamics in northern Yellowstone National Park, USA. Journal of Ecology 102(3): 667-677, 2014

Effect of potential geothermal development on the thermal features of Yellowstone National Park; Part 1, Perspective 3; Possible effect of nearby geothermal development on Yellowstone National Park. GSA Today 4(12): 297-299, 1994

Who visits a national park and what do they get out of it?: a joint visitor cluster analysis and travel cost model for Yellowstone National Park. Environmental Management 52(4): 917-928, 2013

Elemental Analysis of Mineral Lick Soils from the Serengeti National Park, the Konza Prairie and Yellowstone National Park. Ecography 18(1): 91-94, 1995

Elemental analysis of mineral lick soils from the Serengeti National Park, the Konza Prairie and Yellowstone National Park. Ecography 18(1): 91-94, 1995