Application of Dalbergia Sissoo Biochar Enhanced Wheat Growth, Yield and Nutrient Recovery under Reduced Fertilizer Doses in Calcareous Soil
Hamdani, S.A.F.; Aon, M.; Ali, L.; Aslam, Z.; Khalid, M.; Naveed, M.
Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 54(1): 107-115
ISSN/ISBN: 0552-9034 Accession: 070800001
In a field trial, Dalbergia sissoo biochar was used to investigate its potential for improving growth, yield and nutrient recovery of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), at varying fertilizer rates under calcareous soil. Two biochar levels (0.0 and 1.0% of soil weight) were used along with five fertilizer rates i.e. 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% of recommended inorganic fertilizer dose (RFD). Seeds of wheat cultivar Faisalabad-2008 were sown in the field using 2 factorial-randomized complete block design. At reduced fertilizer rates, biochar application improved plant growth parameters i.e. plant height, spike length, number of tillers hill(-1) and grain yield over the respective treatments having inorganic fertilizer without biochar. Regarding nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) content, the highest statistical results were achieved at reduced fertilizer doses along with biochar application i.e. N and P content in wheat straw and grain at 50% RFD, straw N and P uptake at 75% RFD, grain N and K uptake at 50% RFD and grain P uptake at 75% RFD. The highest N, P and K recovery was calculated in the treatments having 50% RFD + biochar with 95%, 25% RFD + biochar with 38% and 25% RFD with 117%, respectively. In comparison with control treatment (without fertilizer and biochar), biochar application improved soil CEC up to 40%. With biochar application, no any significant change was observed in other soil chemical properties i.e. pH and EC. The results suggested that 1.0% biochar along with reduced fertilizer doses, could be effectively used to improve wheat growth, yield, nutrient content and nutrient uptake under field condition. Moreover, 1.0% biochar along with 75% of RFD can be effectively used in place of 100% RFD to get the highest yield.