AFLP, RAPD, and ISSR analysis of intraspecific polymorphism and interspecific differences of allotetraploid species Aegilops kotschyi Boiss. and Aegilops variabilis Eig
Goryunova, S. V.; Chikida, N. N.; Kochieva, E. Z.
Russian Journal of Genetics 53(5): 568-575
ISSN/ISBN: 1022-7954 DOI: 10.1134/s1022795417050040
To evaluate genetic variation, 27 accessions of allotetraploid species Aegilops kotschyi and Ae. variabilis with the US genome were analyzed using the AFLP, RAPD, and ISSR methods. A total of 316 polymorphic RAPD fragments, 750 polymorphic AFLP fragments, and 234 polymorphic ISSR fragments were obtained. It was demonstrated that the analyzed species were characterized by a considerable level of nuclear genome variation. According to the data of ISSR and RAPD analysis, the average value of the Jaccard similarity coefficient for the accessions of Ae. variabilis from different geographical regions was slightly lower than that for the accessions of Ae. kotschyi. At the same time, AFLP analysis showed no considerable differences in the levels of intraspecific variation of the studied species. Analysis of the summarized RAPD, ISSR, and AFLP marking data in the Structure software program showed that most of the analyzed accessions with high degree of probability could be assigned to one of two groups, the first of which corresponded to Ae. kotschyi and the second corresponded to Ae. variabilis, thereby confirming the species independence of Ae. kotschyi and Ae. variabilis. Accessions k900, k907, k908, and v90 could not with a sufficiently high degree of probability be assigned to one of the species, which possibly was the result of interspecific hybridization. Analysis of the species diversity using different molecular markers made it possible to identify the accessions that were notably different from other accessions of its species.