Section 71
Chapter 70,824

Determination of Heavy Metals in a Highly Porous Sorptive Filter Material of Road Runoff Treatment Systems with LA-ICP-MS

Hilbig, H.; Huber, M.; Gmell, A.; Heinz, D.

Water Air and Soil Pollution 228(9): 331


ISSN/ISBN: 0049-6979
DOI: 10.1007/s11270-017-3515-1
Accession: 070823498

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To remove heavy metal contaminations from road runoff prior to discharge into surface water or groundwater, highly porous sorptive filter materials are used. One effective material is a technical product based on granular ferric hydroxide. To specify the removal mechanisms, lab-scale column experiments were performed preloading the material with Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn. To identify removal mechanisms and the distribution of heavy metals in the material, investigations with scanning electron microscope (SEM)/energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) were performed. With SEM/EDX, only Pb was detectable; all other heavy metals were not represented on the surface of the particles. To determine the intrusion of the metals, LA-ICP-MS was used. Thereby, the high porosity necessitated a special data evaluation that enabled the determination of the heavy metal removal and the leaching of other elements from the filter material as a function of depth. The measured depth profiles varied for each element and correlated with the metal mobility.

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