Resistance of wood from black pine (Pinus nigra var. austriaca) against weathering

Tintner, J.; Smidt, E.

Journal of Wood Science 64(6): 816-822

2018


ISSN/ISBN: 1435-0211
DOI: 10.1007/s10086-018-1753-5
Accession: 070891108

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Abstract
At present tapped wood of black pines (Pinus nigra var. austriaca) is mainly combusted. The priority of material use over thermal recycling has led to some considerations regarding the utilization of tapped wood. The high content of extractives suggests a higher natural durability, and therefore, the suitability for outdoor applications. Tapped and not tapped wood boards from black pine (sapwood and heartwood) were subjected to weathering tests to find out its resistance against abiotic stress. Additionally tapped wood particles with a high content of resin were exposed to weathering and to composting. Weathering caused roughness to increase. Infrared spectral characteristics revealed the differences before and after tapping and weathering. Principal component analyses supported the grouping according to the chemical changes. In heartwood the lignin band at 1510 cm(-1) disappears and the typical resin band at 1688 cm(-1) decreases considerably. The lignin band of resinous parts is affected neither by weathering nor by composting. However, the resin band shows an intensity decrease and broadening due to weathering and disappears during composting.