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Weed species within cereal crop rotations can serve as alternative hosts for Fusarium graminearum causing Fusarium head blight of wheat


Weed species within cereal crop rotations can serve as alternative hosts for Fusarium graminearum causing Fusarium head blight of wheat



Fungal Ecology 37: 30-37



ISSN/ISBN: 1754-5048

DOI: 10.1016/j.funeco.2018.10.002

Fusarium graminearum is the main causal agent of Fusarium head blight (FHB) of small grain cereals, but the importance of weeds in the FHB disease cycle and the establishment of F. graminearum in agro-ecosystems are still not fully understood. The objective of this study was to determine the potential role of weeds present within cereal crop rotations as alternative hosts. F. graminearum was isolated from different organs of asymptomatic weeds sampled from six fields with cereal-crop rotations in Lithuania for two consecutive years (2015 and 2016). The fungi were identified using morphological and molecular methods. Out of 57 weed species that were investigated, 41 (71.9%) harboured F. graminearum isolates. Twenty five weed species were identified as new, previously undocumented, hosts. The majority (73.3%) of the isolates of F. graminearum from this study belonged to the 15ADON genotype while a smaller proportion (23.4%) belonged to the 3ADON genotype. All F. graminearum isolates that were assessed induced FHB symptoms on artificially inoculated spring wheat tested in the field.

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Accession: 070896598

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