Section 71
Chapter 70,904

PpERF3 positively regulates ABA biosynthesis by activating PpNCED2/3 transcription during fruit ripening in peach

Wang, X.; Zeng, W.; Ding, Y.; Wang, Y.; Niu, L.; Yao, J-Long.; Pan, L.; Lu, Z.; Cui, G.; Li, G.; Wang, Z.

Horticulture Research 6: 19


ISSN/ISBN: 2052-7276
PMID: 30729009
DOI: 10.1038/s41438-018-0094-2
Accession: 070903665

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The plant hormone ethylene regulates ripening in climacteric fruits. The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) affects ethylene biosynthesis, but whether ethylene influences ABA biosynthesis is unknown. To explore this possibility, we investigated the interactions between the ABA biosynthesis genes PpNCED2/3 and the ethylene response transcription factor PpERF3 in peach fruit. The ABA content increased during fruit maturation and reached a peak at stage S4 III. The increase was greatly inhibited by the ethylene inhibitor 1-MCP, which also suppressed PpERF3 expression. PpERF3 shared a similar expression profile with PpNCED2/3, encoding a rate-limiting enzyme involved in ABA biosynthesis, during fruit ripening. A yeast one-hybrid assay suggested that the nuclear-localized PpERF3 might bind to the promoters of PpNCED2/3. PpERF3 increased the expression of PpNCED2/3 as shown by dual-luciferase reporters, promoter-GUS assays and transient expression analyses in peach fruit. Collectively, these results suggest that ethylene promotes ABA biosynthesis through PpERF3's regulation of the expression of ABA biosynthesis genes PpNCED2/3.

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