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Oscillating and static dietary crude protein supply: II. Energy and protein requirements of young Nellore bulls


Oscillating and static dietary crude protein supply: II. Energy and protein requirements of young Nellore bulls



Translational Animal Science 3(4): 1216-1226



ISSN/ISBN: 2573-2102

PMID: 32704885

DOI: 10.1093/tas/txz139

The objective of this study was to evaluate whole body chemical composition and energy and protein nutrient requirements for maintenance and gain of Nellore bulls. Fifty young bulls, with an average age of 7 +/- 1 mo and initial body weight (BW) of 260.0 +/- 8.1 kg, were used in this experiment. Four bulls were used as baseline reference animals and were slaughtered at the beginning of the experiment. Four bulls were fed at maintenance (12 g dry matter [DM]/kg of BW), whereas 42 bulls were divided into six groups (n = 7/group) and were randomly assigned to the following dietary treatments 105 (low [LO]), 125 (medium [MD]), or 145 (high [HI]) g crude protein (CP)/kg DM, LO to HI (LH), LO to MD (LM), or MD to HI (MH) oscillating CP at a 48-h interval for 140 d. At the end of the experiment, bulls were slaughtered and samples of the whole body were collected. All samples were lyophilized, ground, and composed as percentage of component of empty body weight (EBW) from each bull. A power model was used to estimate carcass, non-carcass components, and gastrointestinal content of the shrunk body weight (SBW), and CP and water present in the empty body, whereas an exponential model was used to estimate adipose tissue and ether extract (EE) present in the EBW. Nonlinear regression equations were developed to predict heat production from metabolizable energy (ME) intake and retained energy (RE). The net energy requirements for maintenance and ME for maintenance were 77 and 122.75 kcal/EBW0.75/d, respectively. The efficiency of ME utilization for maintenance was 62.7%. The equation obtained for net energy for gain (NEg) was: NEg (Meal/ EBW0.75/d) = 0.0535 x EBW(0.75)x EBG(0.7131), where EBG is the empty body gain, and the efficiency was 24.25%. Net protein requirement for growth (NPg) was: NPg (g/d) = 227.372 x EBG - 19.479 x RE. There was a linear increase for carcass, CP, and water present in the EBW as the animal grew. The EE deposition exponentially increased as EBW increased.

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Accession: 070975282

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