Detection of flunixin in the urine of untreated pigs housed with pigs treated with flunixin meglumine at labeled doses
Hairgrove, T.B.; Mask, J.W.; Mays, T.P.; Fajt, V.R.; Bentke, A.L.; Warner, J.L.; Baynes, R.E.
Translational Animal Science 3(4): 1399-1404
ISSN/ISBN: 2573-2102 PMID: 32704903 DOI: 10.1093/tas/txz099
The objective of this study was to determine the likelihood that swine treated with flunixin meglumine could contaminate their environment, which could cause untreated swine housed in the same pen to ingest or absorb enough drug to be detected in their urine. Currently, any detectable level of flunixin found in the urine of pigs exhibited at livestock shows in Texas can disqualify the exhibitor. We conducted 2 trials in this study. The first, a pilot trial, placed pigs in 2 pens, with each pen housing a pig that did not receive a drug and a treated pig that received 2.2 mg/kg of flunixin intramuscularly. This trial demonstrated that transfer of the drug from treated to untreated pigs housed in close proximity was possible. The second trial was conducted using 10 pens, with a treated and untreated pig in each pen. Each pig receiving treatment was randomly selected and administered 2.2 mg/kg of flunixin intramuscularly; then, urine and plasma were collected from all swine for 10 d. Flunixin was detected at or above the limit of detection of 0.1 ng/mL in the urine of all treated and untreated pigs throughout the 10-d trial. Treated pigs had higher urine levels of flunixin than their untreated pen mates for 4 d post-treatment (P < 0.0001), but there was no statistical difference between pen mates during the last 5 d of the trial, making it impossible to differentiate treated from untreated pigs.