Mobility and fractionation of copper in sandy soils
Sun, Q.; Li, T.; Alva, A. K.; Li, Y.C.
Environmental Pollutants and Bioavailability 31(1): 18-23
ISSN/ISBN: 2639-5932 DOI: 10.1080/09542299.2018.1558114
The transport and fractionation of copper (Cu) were investigated in three soils which were under continuous citrus production for over 30 years. The above soils received 50 kg Cu ha(-1), and were leached with eight pore volumes of water (equivalent to a total of 91 cm of rainfall). Following the completion of leaching, the leaching columns were sectioned into 5 cm depth increments for analyses of soil Cu. Concentrations of different forms of soil Cu were analyzed using a sequential fractionation procedure. The leaching column study indicated as much as 98% of the applied Cu remained in the upper 5 cm of the soil despite leaching eight pore volumes of water. Copper recovered in eight pore volumes of leachate accounted for 0.18-2.87% of Cu applied. The organically bound and precipitated forms of Cu accounted for 33-87% and 6-44% of total soil Cu, respectively.