Meat and sensory quality of major muscles from Angus, Charolais, and Angus crossbred steers with high and low residual feed intake

Jiu, Z.; Roy, B.C.; Das, C.; Wismer, W., V.; Juarez, M.; Fitzsimmons, C.; Li, C.; Plastow, G.; Aalhus, J.L.; Bruce, H.L.

Canadian Journal of Animal Science 100(1): 140-153

2020


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-3984
DOI: 10.1139/cjas-2019-0012
Accession: 070991060

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Abstract
Effects of residual feed intake (RFI) and genetic group on growth, carcass, and meat quality characteristics of bovine longissimus lumborum (LL), triceps brachii (TB), semimembranosus (SM), and gluteus medius (GM) muscles were investigated using 72 purebred Angus, purebred Charolais, and Angus crossbred steers (n = 24 per genetic group) classified as either high (inefficient) or low (efficient) RFI (n = 12 high and low RFI steers within genetic group). There was no RFI effect (P > 0.05) on growth, carcass, and meat quality measurements except high RFI steers had the highest dry matter intake (P < 0.05), and low RFI TB was rated as having reduced beef flavour intensity and sustained juiciness (P < 0.05). Purebred Angus and Charolais LL and GM had lower shear force values (P < 0.05) than Angus crossbreds and ageing reduced mean shear force values except in TB. For TB, SM, and GM, Angus crossbred steers had the highest mean beef flavour intensity scores, and Charolais SM and TB were less tender than those of Angus crossbred (P < 0.05). Overall, RFI did not influence most meat quality traits; therefore, low RFI animals may contribute to reducing feed costs or environmental impact without compromising meat quality and palatability.