Section 71
Chapter 70,996

Comparison of the ammonium acetate, Mehlich 3, and sodium tetraphenylboron as extractants to evaluate crop available potassium

Ferrando, M.G.; Barbazan, M.M.; Garcia, F.O.; Mallarino, A.P.

Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 51(8): 997-1005


ISSN/ISBN: 0010-3624
DOI: 10.1080/00103624.2020.1744625
Accession: 070995890

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The 1 M ammonium acetate (NH4OAc) (AA) is the most widely used method for soil-test potassium (K), but other methods have been also suggested to estimate crop available K. The accuracy of these extractants may be influenced by soil texture and clay mineralogy. This study evaluated the relationships among AA, Mehlich-3 (M3), and sodium tetraphenylboron (TPhB) methods using soils differing in texture and clay minerals from the agricultural area of Uruguay. The M3 and AA extractable K concentrations were highly correlated (R-2 > 0.97) across soils, although AA extracted slightly higher amount of K than M3. The TPhB method extracted more K than AA and M3, indicating that extracted K from different pools. The slopes of the relationships between TPhB and AA or M3 varied among soils being higher in fine-textured and illitic soils than in coarse soils. These results would be useful for evaluating the feasibility of incorporating M3 into a test program using the existing calibrations of the AA method. In addition, TPhB could be considered a complementary tool to improve the interpretations of the extractants to estimate soil-test K along with other characteristics such as the texture and clay mineralogy.

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